Australia, its history and location.
Australia, officially referred to as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation which belongs to the property of Oceania. It is the main continental mass that occupies the Sahul platform and is between the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is divided from Asia through the seas of Timor And Arafura. It is bordered by the countries Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the northern part, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast part, as well as New Zealand to the southeast.
How does the history of Australia start?
The history of Australia ( *visa Australia) goes back to when men arrived on its territory the first time. Australian aborigines arrived with boat through the southeast of the Eurasian place approximately 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in discussion considering that Australian prehistory is thought to be several thousands of years more intensive because there are no articles of human being events prior to contact with Europeans. And, likewise, around 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area after they colonized it.
It is stated that Australia had been discovered in the Sixteenth century through Spanish and Portuguese sailors, but they held the information secret for strategic causes. Then, Dutch explorers made the first sighting a hundred years after. Nevertheless, they deemed it an uninhabitable area that was not appropriate for colonization and left free passage to later British expeditions.
Captain James Cook.
Although there was other European incursions in past times, what is considered the most satisfactory exploration of Australia was carried out in the 18th century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the place for the English crown and took ownership of the Southeast of the island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s discoveries as well as the acceptance of his reports by English authorities, made possible the first European settlement on the place, so it is typical to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the southern alnd, although the real discovery occurred more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years prior to his journey.
England was particularly intrigued by Australia since they found it as a potential answer to the issue of overpopulation they suffered at that time because of the loss of the 13 American colonies and it was considered to move a portion of its inhabitants there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Fleet ships left Portsmouth, England, to Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: visa Australia). In that way, settlers came and also filled the area whilst displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also diseases.
It became a Federation.
When the 20th century came, Australia didn’t exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of autonomous states and colonies. But in 1901, the 6 different state governments agreed in a referendum to become a federation and they hand picked the typical flag that today is still the flag of Australia.
After the creation of Australia as a nation, it had been intended to inflict a regulation on immigration management. Nonetheless, when World War II concluded, several migrants coming from various places found its way to the nation and, presently, it is the home of folks from a number of areas of the earth.
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